Maths Lesson Structure

Warm-Up (5-10%)

The purpose of a warm-up is to motivate students for the lesson ahead. It should be engaging to hook students in and activate their prior knowledge.

Introduction (10%)

An introduction needs to be brief and concise and should consist of three basic components:

1. Learning Goal & Success Criteria

The learning goal and success criteria set the lesson’s objectives and informs students of what is required during the lesson.


2. Vocabulary

There needs to be an explicit focus on the relevant and essential vocabulary. Teachers need to create a list of key words and then discuss and define them.

3. Explanation

The explanation is where maths is modelled, articulated and explicitly taught. Effective cues and questions should be used to activate students’ thinking and focus the learning.

Student Activity (75%)

Teachers need to be moving around the room prompting students, providing feedback, reinforcing effort and explicitly teaching at the point of need.
Misconceptions can be addressed here and solutions and strategies shared. Co-operative learning where students have the opportunity to work together and talk about the maths should be encouraged.
The activity should challenge students to work beyond independence and all work should be recorded.

Reflection: (5-10%)

Students should have the chance to talk about, write about and reflect on their learning. Sharing provides a chance for students to learn from each other and articulate their thinking using the essential vocabulary. Reflection also provides students with the opportunity to participate in higher-order thinking processes such as reasoning, analysing, justifying etc. Share reflection can occur any time during the lesson, not just the end.